S6S LIFE OF two great German powers, was laid towards the end of 1811., or the beginning of 1812. It Is said that the first and most important steps between the two nations were made by the monarchs themselves, and that only through the hands of their most confidential advisers. But the work must have been more easily effected when a man like Hnrnboldt had laid the preliminaries. The king came from Berlin to Prague, and proceeded to the baths of Toplitz in June, 1812. The presence of his monarch in the capital of Bohemia brought Hurn- boldt thither. Immediately afterwards he obtained leave of absence, and visited his Thxiringian pos- sessions, probably only as a feint. He arrived in Berlin In August, and returned from, thence, no doubt furnished with the most important Instructions, to his post at Vienna. More quickly than had been anticipated, and under more fortunate auspices, came the great day of liberation. The catastrophe in Russia, the depar- ture of the king from Berlin to Breslau, the junc- tion of the Prussians and Russians,—these news succeeded each other like lightning flashes. The advocates of resistance now stood forward supreme, a "well-regulated complete force, whom the govern- ment had to emulate in energy and activity, if they would not lose their authority. The ambas- sador at the court of Vienna was accurately in- formed of all that passed at home. Theodor Korner, who was in Vienna, wrote to a friend in Dresden, in February, 1813: "You may imagine that ray soles burn since the address of the King of Prussia to the volunteers has reached me. Through the Prussian ambassador here, Herr von Humboldt, I am accu- rately informed of the popular feeling In Prussia, and of all that is being done in Breslau/' In March the Prussian landwehr was summoned, the king Issued an address to his people, and the formal declaration of war was made; the struggle commenced on the plains of Saxony, even before Austria had declared Itself, or thrown its influence in the scale.